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Depression: 21st Century Solutions + The Dark Side of Wheat

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Abstract Title:

Vitamin D protects against diabetic nephropathy: evidence-based effectiveness and mechanism.

Abstract Source:

Eur J Pharmacol. 2018 Oct 1. Epub 2018 Oct 1. PMID: 30287151

Abstract Author(s):

Xiaofang Hu, Wanli Liu, Yuanliang Yan, Hengdao Liu, Qiong Huang, Yi Xiao, Zhicheng Gong, Jie Du

Article Affiliation:

Xiaofang Hu

Abstract:

Vitamin D has been suggested to harbor multiple biological activities, among them the potential of vitamin D in the protection of diabetic nephropathy (DN) has attracted special attention. Both animal studies and clinical trials have documented an inverse correlation between low vitamin D levels and DN risk, and supplementation with vitamin D or its active derivatives has been demonstrated to improve endothelial cell injury, reduce proteinuria, attenuate renal fibrosis, and resultantly retard DN progression. Vitamin D exerts its pharmacological effects primarily via vitamin D receptor, whose activation inhibits the renin-angiotensin system, a key culprit for DN under under hyperglycemia. The anti-DN benefit of vitamin D can be enhanced when administrated in combination with angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors or angiotensin II receptor blockers. Mechanistic studies reveal that pathways relevant to inflammation participate in the pathogenesis of DN, however, consumption of viamin D-related products negatively regulates inflammatory response at multiple levels, indicated by inhibiting macrophage infiltration, nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) activation, and production of such inflammatory mediators as transforming growth factor-β(TGF-β), monocyte chemoattractant protein 1(MCP-1), and regulated upon activation normal T cell expressed and secreted protein(RANTES). The robust anti-inflammatory property of vitamin D-related productsallows them with a promising renoprotective therapeutic option for DN. This review summarizes new advances in our understanding of vitamin D-related products in the DN management.

Study Type : Review

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Sayer Ji
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Depression: 21st Century Solutions + The Dark Side of Wheat

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