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Depression: 21st Century Solutions + The Dark Side of Wheat

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Abstract Title:

Baicalein protects against the development of angiotensin II-induced abdominal aortic aneurysms by blocking JNK and p38 MAPK signaling.

Abstract Source:

Sci China Life Sci. 2016 Sep ;59(9):940-9. Epub 2016 Jun 22. PMID: 27333787

Abstract Author(s):

Fang Wang, Houzao Chen, Yunfei Yan, Yue Liu, Shuyang Zhang, Depei Liu

Article Affiliation:

Fang Wang

Abstract:

An abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is a permanent, localized dilatation of the abdominal aorta. In western countries, the morbidity of AAA is approximately 8%. Currently, pharmacotherapies for AAA are limited. Here, we demonstrate that baicalein (BAI), the main component of the Chinese traditional drug"Huang Qin", attenuates the incidence and severity of AAA in Apoe (-/-) mice infused with angiotensin II (AngII). Mechanically, BAI treatment decreases AngII-induced reactive oxygen species (ROS) production in the aortic wall. Moreover, BAI inhibits inflammatory cell accumulation in the aortas of mice infused with AngII. It also inhibits AngII-induced activation of matrix metalloproteinase 2 (MMP-2) and MMP-9 to maintain elastin content in vivo. In addition, it blocks AngII cascade by downregulating angiotensin type 1 receptor (AT1R) and inhibiting mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs). Taken together, our findings show that BAI is an effective agent for AAA prevention.

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Sayer Ji
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Depression: 21st Century Solutions + The Dark Side of Wheat

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