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Depression: 21st Century Solutions + The Dark Side of Wheat

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Abstract Title:

Toxoplasma gondii Infection Promotes Neuroinflammation Through Cytokine Networks and Induced Hyperalgesia in BALB/c Mice.

Abstract Source:

Inflammation. 2016 Feb ;39(1):405-12. PMID: 26490968

Abstract Author(s):

Hossein Mahmoudvand, Naser Ziaali, Hamed Ghazvini, Saeideh Shojaee, Hossein Keshavarz, Khadijeh Esmaeilpour, Vahid Sheibani

Article Affiliation:

Hossein Mahmoudvand

Abstract:

We hypothesized that in Toxoplasma gondii infection, communication among immune cells promotes neuroinflammation through cytokine networks and induces pain sensitivity under conditions of neuropathic pain. The animal model of Toxoplasma infection was established by the intraperitoneal inoculation of 20-25 tissue cysts from Tehran strain of T. gondii to BALB/c mice. Amitriptyline (20 mg/kg, i.p., 1/day) administrated to animals for 7 days before behavioral tests. Pain behavioral tests including tail flick, hot plate, and formalin test were evaluated in all the groups. The mRNA levels of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, interleukin (IL)-1β, and IL-6 were examined by real-time PCR. Results revealed that T. gondii induce hyperalgesia in the infected mice, whereas amitriptyline showed a promising effect against the hyperalgesia induced by Toxoplasma infection. The mRNA levels of the aforementioned cytokines significantly (P < 0.05) increased in the infected mice compared to the uninfected ones. Obtained findings suggested that T. gondii infection could promote neuroinflammation through cytokine networks and induced hyperalgesia in BALB/c mice, whereas amitriptyline as an analgesic drug reverses them.

Study Type : Animal Study

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Depression: 21st Century Solutions + The Dark Side of Wheat

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