Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

Abstract Title:

trans-resveratrol inhibits hyperglycemia-induced inflammation and connexin downregulation in retinal pigment epithelial cells.

Abstract Source:

J Agric Food Chem. 2010 Jul 28;58(14):8246-52. PMID: 20578705

Abstract Author(s):

Jack N Losso, Robert E Truax, Gerald Richard

Article Affiliation:

Department of Food Science, Louisiana State University Agricultural Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70803, USA.

Abstract:

The purpose of this study was to determine the inhibitory activity of trans-resveratrol against hyperglycemia-induced inflammation and degradation of gap junction intercellular communication in retinal pigment epithelial cells. Retinal (ARPE-19) cells were incubated with 5.5 mM glucose, 5.5 mM glucose and 10 microM resveratrol, 33 mM glucose, or 33 mM glucose and 0-10 microM trans-resveratrol at 37 degrees C and 5% CO(2) for 9 days. Cell viability was determined by the crystal violet assay. The levels of low-grade inflammation biomarkers interleukin-6 and interleukin-8 (IL-6 and IL-8), angiogenic factors, and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) were determined by the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Gap junction intercellular communication (GJIC) was determined by the scrape-load/dye transfer method. The expression levels of protein kinase Cbeta (PKCbeta), connexin 43 (Cx43), transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1), and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) were determined by Western blot. Incubation of retinal cells with 10 microM trans-resveratrol in the presence of 5.5 mM glucose did not affect any of the biomarkers investigated. Incubation of ARPE-19 cells with 33 mM glucose for 9 days significantly induced the accumulation of VEGF, IL-6, IL-8, TGF-beta, and COX-2, activation of PKCbeta, and reduction of Cx43 and GJIC. Incubation of ARPE-19 cells with 33 mM glucose in the presence of 0-10 microM trans-resveratrol dose-dependently inhibited VEGF, TGF-beta1, COX-2, IL-6, and IL-8 accumulation, PKCbeta activation, and Cx43 degradation and enhanced GJIC. These data suggest that trans-resveratrol can protect the retinal pigment epithelial cells against hyperglycemia-induced low-grade inflammation and GJIC degradation.

Study Type : In Vitro Study

Print Options


Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2019 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.