Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

Abstract Title:

Gomisin A alters substrate interaction and reverses P-glycoprotein-mediated multidrug resistance in HepG2-DR cells.

Abstract Source:

Biochem Pharmacol. 2006 Sep 28;72(7):824-37. Epub 2006 Aug 4. PMID: 16889754

Abstract Author(s):

Chi-Keung Wan, Guo-Yuan Zhu, Xiao-Ling Shen, Apurba Chattopadhyay, Saibal Dey, Wang-Fun Fong

Abstract:

Through an extensive herbal drug screening program, we found that gomisin A, a dibenzocyclooctadiene compound isolated from Schisandra chinensis, reversed multidrug resistance (MDR) in Pgp-overexpressing HepG2-DR cells. Gomisin A was relatively non-toxic but without altering Pgp expression, it restored the cytotoxic actions of anticancer drugs such as vinblastine and doxorubicin that are Pgp substrates but may act by different mechanisms. Several lines of evidence suggest that gomisin A alters Pgp-substrate interaction but itself is neither a Pgp substrate nor competitive inhibitor. (1) First unlike Pgp substrates gomisin A inhibited the basal Pgp-associated ATPase (Pgp-ATPase) activity. (2) The cytotoxicity of gomisin A was not affected by Pgp competitive inhibitors such as verapamil. (3) Gomisin A acted as an uncompetitive inhibitor for Pgp-ATPase activity stimulated by the transport substrates verapamil and progesterone. (4) On the inhibition of rhodamine-123 efflux the effects of gomisin A and the competitive inhibitor verapamil were additive, so were the effects of gomisin A and the ATPase inhibitor vanadate. (5) Binding of transport substrates with Pgp would result in a Pgp conformational change favoring UIC-2 antibody reactivity but gomisin A impeded UIC-2 binding. (6) Photocrosslinking of Pgp with its transport substrate [125I]iodoarylazidoprazosin was inhibited by gomisin A in a concentration-dependent manner. Taken together our results suggest that gomisin A may bind to Pgp simultaneously with substrates and alters Pgp-substrate interaction.

Study Type : In Vitro Study

Print Options


Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2019 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.