Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

Abstract Title:

Inflammation and psychotropic drugs: the relationship between C-reactive protein and antipsychotic drug levels.

Abstract Source:

Psychopharmacology (Berl). 2015 Jun 3. Epub 2015 Jun 3. PMID: 26032842

Abstract Author(s):

Gudrun Hefner, Mohamed E E Shams, Stefan Unterecker, Tanja Falter, Christoph Hiemke

Article Affiliation:

Gudrun Hefner

Abstract:

RATIONALE: In psychiatric clinical practice, there is a need to identify psychotropic drugs whose metabolisms are prone to be altered with increased inflammatory activity in an individual patient.

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to find out whether elevated serum levels (≥5 mg/l) of C-reactive protein (CRP), an established laboratory marker of infection and inflammation, are associated with increased serum concentrations of the atypical antipsychotic drugs clozapine, quetiapine, and risperidone.

METHODS: Therapeutic drug monitoring request forms of patients whose antipsychotic drug concentrations had been measured under conditions of normal (<5 mg/l) and pathological (>5 mg/l) levels of C-reactive protein were retrospectively screened. The serum concentrations in relation to the daily doses [concentration per dose (C/D) (ng/mL/mg)] and the metabolic ratios [ratio of concentrations (metabolite/drug)] were compared intraindividually by the Wilcoxon signed rank test.To the study effects of the intensity of infections on drug concentrations, C-reactive protein and C/D levels were submitted to Spearman's correlation analysis.

RESULTS: Elevated levels of C-reactive protein were found in 105 patients. They were significantly associated with elevated values in C/D for clozapine (n = 33, P < 0.01) and risperidone (n = 40, P < 0.01). A trend for an increase was found for quetiapine (n = 32, P = 0.05). Median increases were 48.0 % (clozapine), 11.9 % (quetiapine), and 24.2 % (active moiety of risperidone), respectively.

CONCLUSIONS: In patients who exhibit signs of inflammation or infection with increased C-reactive protein values during psychopharmacological treatment, especially under clozapine and risperidone, therapeutic drug monitoring is recommendable in order to minimize the risk of intoxications due to elevated drug concentrations.

Print Options


Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2019 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.