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Depression: 21st Century Solutions + The Dark Side of Wheat

Abstract Title:

Oral administration of curcumin suppresses production of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-1 and MMP-3 to ameliorate collagen-induced arthritis: inhibition of the PKCdelta/JNK/c-Jun pathway.

Abstract Source:

J Pharmacol Sci. 2009 Sep;111(1):13-21. PMID: 19763044

Abstract Author(s):

Se Hwan Mun, Hyuk Soon Kim, Jie Wan Kim, Na Young Ko, Do Kyun Kim, Beob Yi Lee, Bokyung Kim, Hyung Sik Won, Hwa-Sup Shin, Jeung-Whan Han, Hoi Young Lee, Young Mi Kim, Wahn Soo Choi

Article Affiliation:

College of Medicine, Konkuk University, Korea.

Abstract:

We investigated whether oral administration of curcumin suppressed type II collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) in mice and its effect and mechanism on matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-1 and MMP-3 production in CIA mice, RA fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLS), and chondrocytes. CIA in mice was suppressed by oral administration of curcumin in a dose-dependent manner. Macroscopic observations were confirmed by histological examinations. Histological changes including infiltration of immune cells, synovial hyperplasia, cartilage destruction, and bone erosion in the hind paw sections were extensively suppressed by curcumin. The histological scores were consistent with clinical arthritis indexes. Production of MMP-1 and MMP-3 were inhibited by curcumin in CIA hind paw sections and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha-stimulated FLS and chondrocytes in a dose-dependent manner. As for the mechanism, curcumin inhibited activating phosphorylation of protein kinase Cdelta (PKCdelta) in CIA, FLS, and chondrocytes. Curcumin also suppressed the JNK and c-Jun activation in those cells. This study suggests that the suppression of MMP-1 and MMP-3 production by curcumin in CIA is mediated through the inhibition of PKCdelta and the JNK/c-Jun signaling pathway.

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Sayer Ji
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Depression: 21st Century Solutions + The Dark Side of Wheat

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