Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get two FREE E-Books

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Depression: 21st Century Solutions + The Dark Side of Wheat

n/a
Article Publish Status: FREE
Abstract Title:

Berberine inhibits the MexXY-OprM efflux pump to reverse imipenem resistance in a clinical carbapenem-resistantisolate in a planktonic state.

Abstract Source:

Exp Ther Med. 2018 Jan ;15(1):467-472. Epub 2017 Nov 1. PMID: 29387199

Abstract Author(s):

Fen Su, Jiliang Wang

Article Affiliation:

Fen Su

Abstract:

is an ubiquitous and metabolically versatile opportunistic pathogen and may cause various life-threatening diseases. Due to increasing emergence of resistance to carbapenems, novel drugs with improved antibacterial activities compared with those of traditional antibiotics are required. In the present study, berberine (BEB), a natural isoquinoline alkaloid, was used in combination with imipenem (IMP), a commonly-used carbapenem, to investigate their antibacterial activities against a clinicalisolate PA012 and the potential mechanism. Screening revealed that the minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of BEB and IMP were 512 and 256µg/ml, respectively. The combination of BEB (1/4 MIC) and IMP (1/8 MIC) exhibited a synergistic effect with a fractional inhibitory concentration index of 0.375. The synergism of BEB and IMP was also demonstrated in a time-kill test and by scanning electron microscopic observation. Treatment with BEB at ¼ MIC in combination with IMP at 1/16, 1/8, 1/4 and ½ MIC revealed a concentration-dependent promoting effect of IMP on the intracellular accumulation of BEB and inhibition of bacterial adhesion. Further analysis of gene expression revealed that BEB (1/4 MIC) combined with IMP (1/8 MIC) decreased MexZ, MexX, MexY and outer membrane protein (Opr)M by 38, 35, 46 and 49% in PA012. In conclusion, these results suggested that IMP had synergistic effects with BEB against the clinical isolate PA012 via inhibition of the MexXY-OprM efflux pump.

Study Type : In Vitro Study

Print Options


Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get two FREE E-Books

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Depression: 21st Century Solutions + The Dark Side of Wheat

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2018 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.