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Depression: 21st Century Solutions + The Dark Side of Wheat

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Abstract Title:

Beneficial effect of Berberis amurensis Rupr. on penile erection.

Abstract Source:

Chin J Integr Med. 2018 Jan 15. Epub 2018 Jan 15. PMID: 29335865

Abstract Author(s):

Rui Tan, Yun Jung Lee, Kyung Woo Cho, Dae Gill Kang, Ho Sub Lee

Article Affiliation:

Rui Tan

Abstract:

OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether the methanol extract of Berberis amurensis Rupr. (BAR) augments penile erection using in vitro and in vivo experiments.

METHODS: The ex vivo study used corpus cavernosum strips prepared from adult male New Zealand White rabbits. In in vivo studies for intracavernous pressure (ICP), blood pressure, mean arterial pressure (MAP), and increase of peak ICP were continuously monitored during electrical stimulation of Sprague-Dawley rats.

RESULTS: Preconstricted with phenylephrine (PE) in isolated endotheliumintact rabbit corus cavernosum, BAR relaxed penile smooth muscle in a dose-dependent manner, which was inhibited by pretreatment with NG-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME), a nitric oxide synthase inhibitor, andH-[1,2,4]-oxadiazole-[4,3-α]-quinoxalin-1-one, a soluble guanylyl cclase inhibitor. BAR signifificantly relaxed penile smooth muscles dose-dependently in ex vivo, and this was inhibited by pretreatment with L-NAMEH-[1,2,4]-oxadiazole-[4,3-α]-quinoxalin-1-one. BAR-induced relaxation was significantly attenuated by pretreatment with tetraethylammonium (TEA, P<0.01), a nonselective Kchannel blocker, 4-aminopyridine (4-AP, P<0.01), a voltage-dependent K+ channel blocker, and charybdotoxin (P<0.01), a large and intermediate conductance Casensitive-Kchannel blocker, respectively. BAR induced an increase in peak ICP, ICP/MAP ratio and area under the curve dose dependently.

CONCLUSIONS: BAR augments penile erection via the nitric oxide/cyclic guanosine monophosphate system and Casensitive-K(BKCa and IKCa) channels in the corpus cavernosum.

Study Type : Animal Study, In Vitro Study

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Depression: 21st Century Solutions + The Dark Side of Wheat

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