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Article Publish Status: FREE
Abstract Title:

ABCG2 downregulation in glioma stem cells enhances the therapeutic efficacy of demethoxycurcumin.

Abstract Source:

Oncotarget. 2017 Jun 27 ;8(26):43237-43247. PMID: 28591733

Abstract Author(s):

Long Chen, Lei Shi, Wenhua Wang, Youxin Zhou

Article Affiliation:

Long Chen

Abstract:

We analyzed the role of ABCG2, a drug transporter, in determining the sensitivity of glioma stem cells (GSCs) to demethoxycurcumin (DMC). We first demonstrated that ABCG2 is more highly expressed in GSCs than primary astrocytes. Modulation of ABCG2 levels in GSCs by transfection of ABCG2 shRNA or a lentiviral vector encoding ABCG2 revealed an inverse relation between ABCG2 levels and DMC-induced GSC growth inhibition. Suppressing ABCG2 increased DMC-induced apoptosis and G0/G1 cell cycle arrest in GSCs. It also increased levels reactive oxygen species (ROS) in GSCs treated with DMC, resulting in increased cytochrome C and caspase-3 activity. When GSCs transfected with ABCG2 shRNA or overexpressing ABCG2 were xenografted and the tumor-bearing, immunodeficient mice were treated with DMC, ABCG2 expression suppressed the tumor proliferation rate (T/C %). These findings demonstrate that ABCG2 expression is critical for DMC resistance in GSCs and is a potential therapeutic target for GBM.

Study Type : Animal Study, In Vitro Study
Additional Links
Pharmacological Actions : Apoptotic : CK(2958) : AC(2075)

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Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

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